DEPARTMENT OF COCHABAMBA
The name of Cochabamba has its origin in two Quechua words: q’ucha = lake and pampa, a pampa = plain, flat. Subsequently, with the passage of time, although it is not known with precision when the name was officially placed and Castilian Cochabamba, possibly when making records of baptisms.
Originally it was called Kanata by the presence of the natives, the Kanas. Later the Inca Huayna Capac, expanding the civilization work Inca founded the “llajta” of Q’ochapanpa or Kochaj-pampa, turning the area into a key center of agricultural production.
It was founded twice, the first with the name of Villa Real de Oropesa, as part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, on August 15, 1571 by Captain Gerónimo de Osorio, according to orders of Viceroy Francisco Álvarez de Toledo -who was originally from Oropesa -, with the purpose of creating a center of agricultural production and providing food to the mining cities of the area, mainly the mining city of Potosí. The second foundation was carried out on January 1, 1574 by Sebastián Barba de Padilla, also commissioned by Viceroy Francisco Álvarez de Toledo.
Cochabamba is a Bolivian city, capital of the homonymous department and of the province of Cercado, being at present the third city in economic importance of Bolivia. It is located in the center of the country, located in the valley of the same name.
Official Name: Cochabamba
Foundation: August 15, 1571 (Gerónimo Osorio)
Surface: 348 Km2
Population: 630,587 hab.
Density: 1,812 inhab / km2
Gentilicio: Cochabambino / a
Telephone Area Code: +591 4
Cercado is the official name used to designate the old territory that covers the entire Cochabamba valley or Kanata valley, where in 1571 the Villa de Oropeza was founded, which today is the city of Cochabamba.
The Municipality of Cochabamba is located in a small valley formed by the provinces of Cercado, Quillaquollo and a part of the Chapare (Sacaba), also known as the central valley.
According to José Macedonio Urquidi, Cochabamba is an original name of Quechua “kjocha” which means puddle or lagoon and “pampa” plain or flat ground.
The climate of the Cochabamba Valley is the most ideal of all Bolivia, since it is stable and constantly temperate, varies from winter to summer, but without extremes, as it happens in the other cities of the country, the climate varies between 10º C to 30ºC .